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Theory about a completed time and the relativity of energy
(An unified theory about time, space and matter)

 The close relation between the mass and speed of electromagnetic waves (2)

2010 ISBN978-960-93-2431-1  |  2012 ISBN978-960-93-4040-3

Attention! Many translational errors are exist.




We can and calculate acceleration a, the time t, the length λ or l, the frequency f on the base of a maximum limit of speed Vmax (that appears coincide with light c), without the object M that is moved and accelerated and without the relation of object M with some force F, from which it receives the energy. That is to say, we have types as follow :

λ f2 = V2 /λ = V/t = a , V =λ f = λ /t = a t , V2 = a λ ,

tmin = 1/ fmax → tmax = 1/ fmin,

t =V / a = λ/ V , ω = V/r = 2π f


and with children's logic without we know the limits in the numerical values, we can import the biggest and minimal limits max and min in general.


However, the force F (kg m /s2) and momentum p (kg m/s) in their units contain quantity kg (mass M) that belong in the object, which we can ignore for the experiments in our thought. If, however, the object which is accelerated does created of some motion in most microscopic dimensions and it doesn't exist in advance as independent, so as a multitude of phenomena show us and the simple logic? Any physicist on a lot of dead-end decades didn't attempt a such logical case, the mass in the structure of matter is something that is caused or created by phenomena of motion, without the presence of mass, such as the mass that we perceive in our visible world. The Newtonian definition for the mass, already allow us we attempt an enlargement of this definition. In the Newton's season were unknown the role of electromagnetism in the nature and the presence of electromagnetic waves everywhere in the nature, as an attributive piece of world, which we do not observe it (same as the material bodies), but it does not constitutes a lack of substance and reality. The blind and formal use of term " mass " thenceforth, it led to impasses, it prevented the progress of physics and a lot of scientists was said many fooleries. Albert Einstein, where proves the relation between mass with an equivalent quantity of energy (E= M c2) and his theories of relativity left open the field for the scientists -deprived from imagination- to think mathematically about the relativity of length and time, he made an enormous jump. No other physicist was found to make a proportional achieved jump. The next jump in the physics is the unification between phenomenon of mass with the electromagnetism and naturally the last phenomenon with the gravity.


The unification about phenomenon of mass with the electromagnetism begins when we reveal the close relation of this phenomenon with the motion in general. It begins with the thought that the inertia and mass are phenomena that are inherent in the signification of the broad phenomenon of motion (as a relation of change in time and length) and when we formulate the first relations mathematically, that are confirmed after we apply them in order to we describe the microscopic particles and the structure of matter. Then, the search what is the motion with which are caused the particles, or what is a motion without matter and particles, does not exist other logical answer, from the presence of void (free) space and the wave change that is caused in its balanced energy…


The constant M λm = 2,21021 x10-42 kgm in accordance with well known physics, does not mean, nothing. It expresses theoretically a mass in multiplication with a vague length and nothing other. When, however, we interpret the particles, that have a relevant mass M such as products of speed, motion and change of length and time, then the constant M λm = 2,21021 x10-42 kgm get an interest and more importance. 



The mass (M) is fixed by the relation of force (F) with the change in a motion (M=F/a). If the motion is caused by null initial speed or if the motion becomes with a constant speed and this is altered, the relation F/a remains and the result continues expressing a mass and a phenomenon of inertia. In other words, the mass expresses a particular case in the change of speed and that is resisted in this change or the time delay until the change becomes and completed. With the continual application of same force F, the body with bigger mass M will need more time t in order to it acquires the maximum speed Vmax comparatively to the body of smaller mass. With same force F, as long as more time needs, so much bigger is the mass and on the contrary (M=F t/V).


If the increase of speed does not exceed a limit Vmax, thus with a clean reasoning a biggest limit in the change of speed ( amax) results, that is to say, in how much fast can the speed increases or decreases itself. In other words results a limit in the acceleration and deceleration a. Parcel with these relations goes also the force, after does not exist force which causes faster speed than a biggest limit neither faster change of speed in infinite small time interval. If therefore, the mass is considered more widely as a phenomenon of change in the motion with the proportional reaction or delay in this change (change, which is obviously caused by some force or by the perturbation of certain balanced forces), thus simply and with the consequence of reasonings, it results that the mass cannot increases unlimitedly. The inertia, the reaction in the change of motion or the delay owe to have also them a biggest limit (Mmax), as it has the change of speed ( amax). Because in the case of creation of matter and mass of particles, the force F isn't obviously exterior and applied from an other clean phenomenon of a mass and the force is " in-wrought " with the structure of matter, we cannot say immediately what is the relation of their limits, based on the Newton's type, who described an exterior relation and evident between a body and the force.


In the physics, the dimensional content in force F contains unit of mass (that is to say kg). If however, the mass is a phenomenon that is caused more generally by the change of the (wave) motion and from the maintenance or repetition of this change, then the mass is not a different phenomenon comparably itself the motion, the speed and force. The mass in the microscopic space is the result of a combination of these phenomena, when they are altered. The mass such as it is fixed by the optical description of an uncreated situation and existence in the nature, it is presented itself as a separate and self-existent phenomenon with hidden the permanent relation, that the mass has with the phenomenon of motion and change always.


Because the inertia and mass are phenomena that are inherent in the significance of motion, the mass can be varied in proportion to the change in the motion and with the change in the sizes of other related phenomena, but also it dependent of the limit that is inserted by the limit in speed. In our calculations, are need the same terms in all phenomena.


7 equations



We see at the following left types, the length λ does result since types that include mass Μ and since types that does not include mass Μ. How would to be solved so that we find mass Μ ?








www.kosmologia.gr  1st publication in Earth



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The simpler relations of physics, which use the most capable researchers in order to they solve the most tangled mathematic problems and in order to find solutions in the impasses of modern physics, these relations should they had been supplemented and they had been delimited by the professionals physicists. A lot of decades were lost and now, a philosopher reveals, that the simpler types of physics could be supplemented from a student of medium education! With a short thought (for example, does not exist an infinity of things), which it could say even one insane man, results consequences in the science where specialise itself the physicists and astronomers. If they began in their off-hand exercise book with a simple supposition, as they make often, they would lead in important observations and they would open the impasse in the physics and mathematic interpretation about the structure of matter and Universe. 








Me = h / c λe = h f / c2 = 9,10938 x10-31 kg

Mp = h / c λp = h f / c2 = 1,672621 x10-27 kg

Ee = Me c2 = h fe = 81,871 x10-15 J

= 0,510998 MeV

Ep = h fp = Mp c2 = 15,032765 x10-11J

= 938,272 MeV

fe = Ee / h = M c2 / h = 12,3559 x1019 Hz

fp = Ep / h = M c2 / h = 2,2687335 x1023 Hz

te = 1/ fe = 0,080933 x10-19 sec

tp = 1/fp = 0,4407745 x10-23 sec

λe = c / fe = h / M c = 0,24263 x10-11 m

λp = c / fp = h / M c = 1,3214086 x10-15 m

ae = λe fe2 = c2e = 37,04209 x1027 m/s2

ap = λp fp2 = c2p = 6,801491 x1031 m/s2 = c fp

Fe = Ee / λe = Me ae = 337,431 x10-4 N

Fp = Ep / λp = Mp ap = 11,376318 x104 N

pe = Fe te = Me c = 27,3093 x10-23

pp = Fp tp = Mp c = 5,014391 x10-19




e = 1,602176462 x10-19 (cb και 1eV)

c = 1/√ μο εο = 2,997924 x108 m/sec

re = 0,28179367 x10-14 m (radius of orbit in simple atom)

G = 6,6725 x10-11 m3 / kg sec2

π = 3,14159


α = re / λe = 7,29737 x10-3

h = 6,62606 x10-34 kg m2 / sec (J x sec)

Boltzmann (k) = 1,38065 x10-23 Joule/k)

hbar = h / 2π

Mp / Me = 0,183615 x104

μο = 4π x 10-7 = 12,56636 x10-7 Henry / m

Fηλ = k e2 / re2 = Ee / re = 29,05356 N

εο = 1 / 36π x 109 = 8,854 x10-12 Farad / m

k = 8,987551787 x 109 Ν m2/Cb2 = 1 / 4π εο

zo = √μο ο = μο c = 376,7 Ohm



Mpl c2 = Eplanck

Eplanck / h = 7,4008 x1042 Hz


c / hbar =ωmaxω / 2π = fmax

= 0,452444 x1042 Hz

h fmax = Ec


Mpl =√(hc /G) = 5,456246 x10-8 kg

fpl = 7,4008 x1042 Hz

Tpl = 0,13512 x10-42 sec

Epl = 49,038293 x108 J

Emin = h 1Hz = 6,62606 x10-34

Mmin = h 1Hz/c2 = 0,73725 x10-50 kg

λpl = c / fpl = 0,405080 x10-34 m

apl = fpl2 λpl = c2 /λpl = 22,186977 x1050 m/s2



Mc = 0,3335641 x10-8 kg = Mpl / 16,3574

fc = 0,452444 x1042 Hz

Tc = 2,210218 x10-42 sec

Ec = 2,997924 x108 (kg m2 /s ?)


Mmin = Mc/fc = 0,73725 x10-50 kg/Hz

λc = λmin = 6,62606 x10-34 m

amax = fc2 λc = c2 /λpl = 1,356391 x1050 m/s2

Mpl / Mc This ratio 16,357 and the small relatively disparity between limits in the two cases is important and instructive for the research, mainly for the following observation: With a small ratio, it do not change extremely the enormous numbers, the quantities (after the exhibitor almost remains the itself), however they change subversively the units and the phenomena that we describe.




Vmax = λmin x fmax = 2,997924 x108 m/s


fmax = Vmax / λmin = 0,452444 x1042 Hz

fmin = amin / Vmax

Tmin = Vmax / amax = 2,210216 x10-42 sec

Tmax = Vmax / amin

amax = Vmax2 / λmin= 1,356394 x1050 m/s2

amin = Vmax / Tmax

λmin = Vmax x Tmin = 6,62606 x10-34 m

λmax = Vmax2 / amin

Mmax = fmax / amax = 0,3335641 x10-8 kg

Mmin = Emin / Vmax2 = 0,73725 x10-50 kg

Fmax = Emax / λmin = 0,452444 x1042 N



re = e2 / 4π Me c2 εo = 0,28179367 x10-14 m


L = M V r = n h /2π →Le = 9,10938 x10-31 x 2,18768 x106 x 0,28179367 x10-14 = 5,6157 x10-39 kg m2 /sec


Fηλ / Fκ = (h / 2π) / Le = Ee / Μ V2 = 1,8779 x104


V = 2π re / Te = 1,77056 x10-14 / 0,080932 x10-19 = 2,187713 x106 m/s

(2π re / Te ) / c = 2π re / λe = e2 / εο hbar c 4π = α = 7,2974 x10-3 = 1/137,0346


εο = e2 / 4π Ee rere = e2 / 4π Ee εοe2 = 4π Ee εο re

1Coulomb = 6,241506363 x1018 eV

h = 6,62606 J sec = 4,1356618 x 10-15 eV sec (ή eV/Hz)

1eV = 0,24179893 x1015 Hz (times the h). Energy of 1eV correspond to frequency f=241,798 THz

M = E/c2 → 1ev x (1,602176 x 10-19 J) /c2 = 0,178266 x10-35 kg









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