LIKELY LIMITS OF THE SIMPLEST RELATIONS AND
OBSERVATIONS
If the most minimum rythm of acceleration
amin
is expressed by the constant G  that is fixed with masses M of one kilo where
are attracted with force F when are found in distance 1m  then this rythm
amin
in combination with the known limit of superior speed c us helps we advance in
certain first calculations about the likely limits of the Universe. With the simplest script
that is based on two universal constants (c and G) finds following potential sizes
of time and length (length of radius, diameter or perimetric) :
(The supposal of
accelerating mass 1kg with a
force 6,6725 x 10^{11} N and with a limit in the superior speed
c, was the initial thought from that began the effort expressed with terms of physics, the philosophical
interpretation about the Universe as completed and constant on contrary to the individual
materially things).
WE SUPPOSE that a force F size 6,6725 x 10^{11} Ν
accelerate a body mass =1kg
1N =1kgr • m/sec^{2}
1ly = 9,46073 x10^{15} m
1 Mpc = 10^{6} pc
≈ 3,2615 x10^{6} ly x 9,46073 x10^{15} m ≈
30,856170 x 10^{21} m
The acceleration is result general from the type
a = F/m
a =F/M → a = 6,6725 x 10^{11} Ν /1kg = 6,6725 x 10^{11} m /sec^{2}
In how much time T the speed of mass
M =1kg
will become equal with the speed of light c, when it begins from null speed, that is to
say in how much time it will become Vm=c ?
Law of the speed :
V=a t
a=V / t → t = V / a
If V=c then Tm = 2,9979245 x 10^{8} m/sec / 6,6725 x 10^{11} m/sec^{2} =
4,49295x10^{18} sec
= c/G
A body M=1kg and acceleration
a=6,6725 x 10^{11} m/s^{2} takes
the speed c in time inerval T=4,49295 x10^{18} sec, in
other units 142,372994125 x10^{9} years. In this time interval T how much
distance S in linear motion (straigh line) it can have covered ? This we find from
the law of distance : S=1/2 a t^{2}
Sm = 1/2 x am x tm^{2} →
(Distance S of mass m = 1kg)
Sm = 1/2 x (6,6725 x10^{11} m/sec^{2} ) x (4,49295x10^{18} sec)^{2} =
6,73475432 x10^{26} m
1pc (parsec)= 3,086333 x10^{16}
m
6,73475432 x10^{26} m / 3,086333 x10^{16}
= 21,821216 x10^{9} pc
Also, if we multiply the time T= 4,49295 x10^{18} sec
multiplied by
the meters where the light moved per sec, so we find the meters where the light will have moved in
this number T, with its regular speed from the start. In time 4,49295 x10^{18} sec
of the body 1kg, the light will have moved twofold distance Slight :
S light= (4,49295x10^{18} sec) x (2,997924 x10^{8} m/sec)= 1,346952 x10^{27} m
= c^{2}/G
IN PARSEC:
1,346952 x10^{27} m / 3,086333 x 10^{16}
= 4,36424 x 10^{10} pc
Finally, in the time Τ=4,49295 x10^{18} sec
where the body M=1kg is need to arrives in speed of the light c with acceleration a= 6,6725 x 10^{11} m/sec^{2}
, the light in same time do double distance S Universe (
6,73475432 x10^{26} m x 2 )=
1,346952 x10^{27} m (Theorem Merton about the speed until a limit
in the increase).
Dividing the
time
T = Vc /
amin =
4,49295x10^{18} sec
by 2π
we find :
T / 2π = 4,49295x10^{18}
sec / 6,2831852 = 7,150752 x 10^{17} sec
(7,150752 x 10^{17} sec) x (31,68808781 x
10^{9} ) = 2,2659365 x 10^{10} = 22,659365 x 10^{9} years
1 earthly year ≈ 31,5576 x 10^{6}
sec  1sec = 31,688087 x 10^{9}
year

We supposed that a mass 1kg is accelerated with
regularly applied the force that results from the constant G of gravity. Actually, the free
space is not neither level neither absolutely empty.

SAMPLES
ΤUniverse =
4,492955 x10^{18} sec
SUniverse =
6,734769 x10^{26} m
= 2,1823619 x10^{4} Mpc
(1st scenario)
SUniverse = 1,346954 x10^{27} m =
4,364724 x10^{4} Mpc
(2d scenario)
SUniverse = 6,734769 x10^{26} m / 2π =
1,07187183 x10^{26} m
= 3,473337 x10^{3} Mpc (3d scenario)
SUniverse = 1,346954 x10^{27} m / 2π =
2,14374297 x10^{26} m =
6,946674 x10^{3} Mpc (4d scenario)
Do not lose the continuity !
CONCISE TABLE OF SAMPLES ABOUT
MAX LENGTH S
and TIME T OF UNIVERSE
S_{light}
Universe =
1,346954 x10^{27} m = c^{2}
/ G 
T
Universe =
4,492954
x10^{18} sec
= c / G

S_{mass}
Universe = 6,73477 x10^{26} m

4,492954
x10^{18} sec
= 142,37312 x10^{9} years



R Universe =
2,14374 x10^{26} m 
T
Universe / 2π = 7,150758 x 10^{17}

S Universe /
2 = 6,73477 x10^{26} m 
T
Universe x 2 = 8,985908 x10^{18}

c^{2}
/ S Universe = 6,6725 x 10^{11} =G 
T
Universe x π = 1,41150 x10^{19}



S Universe^{2}
= 1,814285 x 10^{54} 
T Universe^{2}
= 2,01866 x 10^{37}

1 / S Universe =
0,7424158 x 10^{27} =G/c^{2}

1 / T
Universe = 2,225709 x 10^{19}
=G/c 



S Universe /
T Universe = 2,997925 x 10^{8} =c 
R Universe^{2}
= 4,59562 x 10^{52} 
1/ R Universe =
4,66474479 x 10^{27} 
D Universe^{2}
= 1,838257 x 10^{53} 
1/ D Universe =
2,33237 x 10^{27} 


For S_{mass}
Universe = 6,73477 x10^{26} m
Length of arc per degree =
1,87076 x10^{24} m 
For S_{light}
Universe =
1,346954 x10^{27} m
Length of arc per degree =
3,74153 x10^{24} m 



THE CONSTANT Ηubble IN KILOMETERS AND IN PERIOD
H ≈
70,1 km/sec /Mpc =
70,1 km/sec / 3,086
x10^{19} km
f = V / S → FREQUENCY
fΗ = 70,1 / 3,086x10^{19}
= 22,715489 x10^{19}
1/sec
T = S / V = 1/f → PERIOD
ΤH =
3,086 x10^{19} / 70,1 =
4,402282
x10^{17} sec
LENGTH SHUBBLE
about the case 70,1km with the type : c / f = c x T = λ →
c / f
= 2,997924 x10^{8} /
22,715489 x10^{19}
= 1,31977 x10^{26} m
LENGTH SHUBBLE
about 50km (rounded) :
c / f
= 2,997924 x10^{8} / 16,2022 x10^{19} =
1,850319 x10^{26} m
• (Time TH again near in
the result
Tuni =
c/G = 4,49295x10^{18} sec)
1pc =3,086 x 10^{16}
m  1 Mpc = 3,086 x 10^{22} m = 3,086 x10^{19} km 
1year (y) = 31,5576 x10^{6}
sec
1light year (ly) = 9,460730
x10^{15} m 
Attention! Many translational errors
are exist.
Some of the thoughts that became in the start of investigation about the mathematic
formulation of the physical interpretation, it was to become comprehensible: 1) The direct relation of Hubble's constant (H) with the
(balanced) energy of the " free " and finite space, 2) its close relation with the limit of a longest distance of space and 3) thus its
relation with the structure of matter, after explanation, that the matter is created with the oscillation in the balanced energy of the
finite space.
Hubble's
Law :
V=H d
(the rythm of "expansion"). The relative speed
of removal between of two galaxies (because the phenomenon about socalled expansion of the free space) is proportional with distance
d. The rythm of removal initially had been found with higher speed and is calculated
near: Hubble constant =70,1km/sec/ per 1Mpc. In certain theories it forecasted that this value of speed was not always constant and it
is changed in time.
The constant Η=
70,1 km / sec / Mpc
(In each 1Mpc distance away, the speed is
increased 70,1Km/sec)
1 Mpc= 10^{6
}pc,
1pc= 3,2615 ly = 3,0856778 ×10^{16}
m
1 Mpc = 3,086 x10^{16} x 10^{6}
= 3,086 x 10^{22} m
If the maximum speed of removal
is fixed in 299792 km/sec (v = c) then finds as largest distance dmax :
d =c /H
→
dmax = (2,99792
x10^{5}
km/s) / 70,1 = 4,276633 x 10^{3}
Mpc =
4,276633 x10^{9 }pc →
4,276633
x 10^{9
}pc
x 3,2615 ly = 13,9482 x 10^{9}
ly
13,9482 x 10^{9}
x 9,46073 x 10^{15} m = 1,31960518 x 10^{26}
m
4,276633
x 10^{9
}pc
x 3,086 x10^{16}
m = 1,319768 x10^{26} m
Conversely:
Hubble = c
/ d_{max} → c
/
4,276633 x10^{3}
= 70,1km/sec / Mpc
• If the speed
of removal is not same for the every Mpc distance, however it exist always the limit for the
maximum speed (c) and thus a maximum distance dmax
H = V / d_{Mpc} = c
/ d_{max}
If the speed V for every Mpc
is change, then we observe in second relation that only
the average distance d will vary.
► From the relation T = S / V = 1/f
we find a time interval. The distance in kilometers is for each
Mpc =
3,086 x10^{19}
km. The speed
of removal... 70,1 km
for each
Mpc away →
ΤH =
3,086 x10^{19} / 70,1 =
4,402282
x10^{17} sec
The same time interval T we find
from the relation
T= Smax/Vmax
→
ΤH
= 1,3197 x10^{26}
/ 2,99792 x10^{8}
= 4,40205
x10^{17}
sec
In this time interval Τ =
4,40205 x10^{17}
sec the removal Smax
is the maximum with maximum speed c
We observe the relation :
S_{1Mpc}
/ V_{Hubble}
= S_{max}
/ V_{max}
= T 
If dmax
= Smax
The speed V=70,1
km/sec is result from relation V=
S/T →
VH
=
3,086 x10^{19}
/ 4,402282
x10^{17} = 70,1 km/sec
While, if we take the maximum
length Smax then we find the maximum speed c :
V=
S/T →
VH
= 1,3197 x10^{26}
/ 4,402282 x10^{17}
= c
► We find an
time interval 4,492954
x10^{18} sec
in that a mass m=1kg needs until reaches in speed of the
light c with acceleration a= 6,6725 x 10^{11} m/sec^{2}
and in distance S=1,346954 x10^{27} m
for the light
(or S=0,673477 x10^{27}
m = 2,182362 x10^{4}
Mpc for the 1kg mass).
What speed of removal do we find for this
mass per 1Mpc away ?
V =
3,086 x10^{19}
/ 4,492954
x10^{18} =
6,8685
km/sec
That is to say, if the
Hubble's constant ≈ 6,8685
km/sec /Mpc
then
we find the known maximum distance :
dmax =c /H = 4,364744
x10^{4} Mpc =
1,34696 x10^{27} m (= c^{2}
/ amin
)
We observe the relation :
c /
V_{Hubble}
in m/s
= d_{max}
in meters/
3,086 x10^{22}
or c /
V_{Hubble}
in km = d_{H}
in Mpc/
1Mpc 
►
The
acceleration / deceleration ±a
= 6,6725 x10^{11}
m/s^{2}
with which the mass 1kg reached at the speed of light c or it
was decreased by this speed, we can find from following relation :
c VH /
1Mparsec →
(2,99792
x10^{5}
km/s)
(6,8685
km/s) /
3,086 x10^{19}
= 6,6725 x10^{1}^{4}
km/s^{2}
c VH /
1Mparsec →
(2,99792
x10^{8} m/s)
(6,8685
x10^{3} m/s) / 3,086 x10^{22}
= 6,6725 x10^{11} m/s^{2}
From the
speed of Hubble's
constant =
70,1 km/sec we find :
c VH /
1Mparsec →
(2,99792
x10^{8} m/s)
(7,01
x10^{4} m/s) / 3,086 x10^{22}
= 6,80993 x10^{1}^{0}
m/s^{2}
We observe the relation :
C
V_{Hubble}
/ S_{1Mpc}
= V_{max}
V_{max}
/ S_{max}
=
a

Vmax = C
HUBBLE'S
CONSTANT
70,1 km/sec / Mpc
with limit of the speed
c

THE HUBBLE'S
CONSTANT
AS IT WOULD BE
6,8685
km/sec / Mpc



Time interval
Τ=
4,402282
x10^{17} sec 
Time interval
Τ=
4,492954 x10^{18} sec 
Maximum length
S= 4,276633 x 10^{3} Mpc =
1,319768 x10^{26} m 
Maximum length
S= 4,36424 x 10^{4} Mpc =
1,34696 x10^{27} m 
Pace of change
±a = 6,80993
x10^{10}
m/s^{2} 
Pace of change
±a = 6,6725
x10^{11}
m/s^{2} 


► I will put
in your head something above of an astonishing idea, an explosive research: The Hubble's
constant
says to us about a speed V that is increased in each 1 Mpc distance away. What
speed results for distance away 1m only? It needs a simple transformation in
the units.
V_{H}
= c 1m / d_{max} →
V_{H}
= 2,997924
x10^{8} x1m /
1,319768 x10^{26}
=
2,271553
x10^{18}
(m/s) /m = 1 /
ΤH
Hubble = V / d_{3,086e22}
= c / d_{max
σε μέτρα}
where
V= 7,01 x10^{4}
m/s
We find like a speed the inverse
of the maximum time 1/Τ=V/S that we find from the relation :
T = S_{1Mpc}
/ V_{Hubble}
= S_{max} / V_{max} = 3,086 x10^{19} / 70,1
What speed results for distance 1 m away, when we put the maximum distance, in according
to the script about the accelerating mass of the 1 kg ?
V_{H}
= c 1m / d_{max} →
2,997924
x10^{8} / 1,34696 x10^{27}
= 2,225696 x10^{19}
(m/s)
/m = 1 / Τ_{uni}
Hubble = c / d_{max
in meters} = V / d_{3,086e22}
where
V= 6,87 x10^{3}
m/s
We find like a speed the
inverse of the maximum time 1/Τ=V/S that we find from the relation :
T = S_{1Mpc}
/ V_{H}
= S_{max} / V_{max} = 3,086 x10^{19} / 6,8685
= 4,492975
x10^{18}
= c / amin
<•> That is to say, we find
that the Hubble's speed is the reverse of a
maximum time interval in which is realised the maximum removal.
In shorter distances are correspond less speeds, that
they are subdivisions of the reverse of the Universe's
"age".
V_{H} = c d / d_{max} = d /
T_{H}
For d = d_{max} the speed approaches
V= c
For d = d_{min} the speed approaches
V= V_{min}
Because this speed is speed per length Mpc, if
we erase mathematically the units of length, then it remains
a frequency V/Mpc
= f. This speed per longer distance gives frequency that
is very lower and would is better to we speak reversely
about a time interval. But, if we calculate this
speed per shortest distance, then the frequency is
higher. However, the speed that we calculate it varied
in reference with a distance, this is always the maximum
speed for all bodies, because all bodies are founded in
a maximum distance in reference with another point after
a longer distance. Therefore, a speed between the bodies or
a frequency for fluctuations on the free space, that is
varied after a distance? An expansion of free space or wave change of
the free space, where after the longer distance, the
length of waves appears increased?
Attention! Many translational errors
are exist.
1st
PUBLICATION IN THE WORLD
www.kosmologia.gr ©200910
ISBN 9789609324311 

► What speed come out for distance away per radius (calculated with
electron charge) approximately
r_{e}
= 0,2817936 x10^{14}
m if the Hubble speed = 2,225696 x10^{19}
(m/sec) /m ?
2,225696 x10^{19}
m/sec per 1 m
How speed V per length re
?
V →
2,225696 x10^{19}
x 0,2817936 x10^{14}
/ 1m = 6,271868 x10^{34}
m/sec
While for the
speed of constant
Hubble = 2,271553 x10^{18}
(m/sec) /m = 70,1 km / Mpc
V
→ 2,271553 x10^{18}
x 0,2817936 x10^{14}
/ 1m = 6,40109 x10^{33}
m/sec
Close to constant h =
6,62606 x10^{34}
What speed come out for
distance away per
Compton's length of electron λ=2,4263 x10^{12}
m
if the Hubble speed = 2,225696 x10^{19}
(m/sec) /m ?
2,225696 x10^{19}
m/sec per 1 m
How speed V per
length λe ?
V
→ 2,225696 x10^{19}
x 2,4263 x10^{12}
/ 1m = 5,4002 x10^{31} m/sec
→
V=λe
/ Tuni
Very
near to the mass of electron, after Me
/ 5,4002 x10^{31}
= 1,686859
With this speed is result, moreover: For
electron's period Te =
0,80933 x10^{20}
sec
5,4002 x10^{31}
/ Te = 5,4002 x10^{31}
/ 0,80933 x10^{20}
= 6,6725 x10^{11} m/sec^{2}
= G
From all previous relations, we observe a small coincidence at least.
The maximum distance in to free space (4,276633 x10^{9 }pc), as it results with the Hubble's constant (which emanated
from the observation of many distant galaxies, with the newer technical tools and methods and from the analysis of red shift of light),
approaches suspectly the maximum distance that results (with the simpler and initial intellectual experiment) from the
acceleration of gravity with mass 1kg (2,1821216 x10^{10} pc). However the rythm for the " removal " of galaxies is considered
constant. For each 1Mpc distance, the speed increases with the same quantity ≈70,1km or similar speed.
Also we observe, that the time t (4,49295 x10^{18} sec ≈14,237312
x10^{10} years) that hypothetically it needs the mass m of 1kg in order to it take the speed of light c does not appear
irrelevant than the socalled age of the Universe. It could be an irrelevant number. With few numerical subterfuges it can are revealed
relations with other known formulas of physics.
From the first observations on the motion in the finite free space (with a
limit in the biggest length of removal and divergence from the straight line motion) and from the analysis of Hubble's constant, we
approached in a mathematic solution in question, about the relation between of the void finite space with the matter and with the
electromagnetic phenomena, but the answer was not completed. The tight relation between the free space with the matter has
resulted theoretically from the philosophical interpretation about a Complete and simultaneous Universe. This relation is obligatory,
not because thus we like it, but because only with this close relation (between structure of matter and change in the balanced energy of
finite space) they are interpreted a multitude of phenomena, they are revealed relations and phenomena that had not been observed in the
experience and are confirmed many of known phenomena, without conflict with the experience. Because the close relation between the
matter and the finite space was known and indubitable in me, through the physical interpretation that I have formulated longlylasting,
with this view I thought easily the above intellectual experiment and immediately I suspected the relation about the constant of Hubble
with the change in the balanced energy at the finite space in its microscopic dimensions. Also with the electromagnetic phenomena and
with the structure of matter.
From the first reasonable questions, which are remain unanswered up to here they are: The increase of
speed (of removal) does reach at the speed of light c with the increase of distance? Is this speed superior? What can exist when we
observe in the maximum distance of removal? How could replace the speed of space expansion
with changes in frequency due to another phenomenon, which is related to the wave structure of space?
The phenomenon about the motion of a material body and speed of this body,
it can perceives also a small child. When however, we describe the phenomenon of motion or its change without it exists a concrete
material thing, the term of speed possibly is not bestaimed term. Still vaguer it is, when we handle the term "speed" in order to we
describe a phenomenon of removal between the galaxies, that happens without their own motion in to space, but with the inflation of
space, with a gullible opinion about the space, so as if the space was a material body with dimensions, as in the case of a bubble. We
would wait from a scientist to thinks more intelligently and at least, he suspects the phenomenon of a wave change and the measurement
of motion with the term of "frequency" and not the "speed". A phenomenon which we know well that it exists in substructure the nature,
without some concrete material body, and we call it electromagnetic phenomenon.
A most of unforeseen and important observations in the course of
mathematic investigation in here, it is the possibility with the simplest numerical calculations and beginning from three physical
constants (c, G, h) are result numbers, that are involved in the microscopic structure of matter. With the same constants come out
numbers that they describe astronomical traits of the physical world. With common types of the physics (even wrongly) and using sizes and
relations of world in its biggest dimensions, we can to calculate sizes and relations of subatomic world, in microscopic dimensions and
reversely. With the same initial numbers, with which we calculate invisible small quantities and their relations, with same numbers we
can to " construct " our visible Universe in theory! The reverse of certain large numbers (for example a longest time ≈10^{19}
sec, and largest length ≈10^{27} m) with these themselves are presented quantities, that we meet in the structure of matter and
are not irrelevant numbers. Particularly, when in the calculations used the known physical constants, in order to we find quantities and
sizes about the limits of the Universe, then from mathematical view it is obvious, that the quantities and sizes which we will find,
they should to be connected with the quantities and sizes, which we find when we use the same physical constants for calculations
about microscopic world. The numerical relations and the types that need for the description of world with biggest dimensions, same
they need for the description of changes and motions in microscopic dimensions. Naturally, this possibility confirms the theoretical
ascertainment, according to which the theory for a Completed Time or Universe it imports in general and theoretically the necessary
relation and coexistence between a minimal limit with a maximum limit, also imports a relation for the stability of limits (of time,
length, speed, energy) at their change.
In the physical explanation for a complete universe, already we have
concluded the connection between of material carriers with the existence of simultaneous quantity of energy, which is presented with the
form of " empty " but finite space. Already we have concluded the relation of nuclear force with the dynamic connection that have the
material things in the minimal distance of the finite space and immediately with the total energy of the completed Universe. Already we
have comprehended how the completed Universe is permanently present and participates in the presence of individual things, even in most
microscopic dimensions. The research in microscopic dimensions is research about the limits of the Universe. The existence of limits in
the Universe and in certain physical activities would not be revealed by the research in microscopic dimensions, if the limits did not
exist. They are exist limits in the Universe, such as roughly we have determined them and for this reason, we have the advantage we
detect the limits from observations in the most microscopic activities and not only if we travel in space.
WILL BECOME CORRECTIONS
AND WILL BE CONTINUED...
Now, it is not privilege of few leading
physicists to speak about the Universe and its limits with the terms of Science and with the
language of numbers. Whoever can thinks and searches theoretically with the knowledge of
mediocre student of medium education! Because the Universe has constant min and max
limits... forever and everywhere. 
MASS
AND ENERGY: TWO SIDE
OF VELOCITY IN THE STRUCTURE OF MATTER
THE ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY AND
THE SPEED ►


